The Cúpla – have I got it right?

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  • #48588
    kah22
    Participant

    I’m trying to trace some lessons on the Cúpla (hope I’ve spelt it correctly.) I’m told it is one of the most difficult pieces of Irish grammar to get your head around !

    I know for example that it is used to emphasise something e.g.
    ‘is fear é’ (he is a man) but
    ‘is é Sean é (he is John) he is not just a man, or anyone else – he is Sean!

    I also seem to recall that it can’t be used in the past or future tense – only in the present tense é.g. ‘he says he is a man,’ that’s the hear and now

    As you might see my understanding is ‘limited 🤓’ so can anyone direct me to resources on the cúpla

    #48617
    Onuvanja
    Participant

    The special verbal form you refer to is called the Copula. It’s present tense form is ‘is’ and the one for the past tense/the conditional is ‘ba’. For example:
    Is fear é – He is a man
    B’fhear é – He was a man/He would be a man
    For a full discussion of the Copula, check out the Nualeargais.ie website. It’s pretty good and comprehensive.

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