In life there is only wind and smoke.

Note: Nothing is at it appears. “I suspect that there are more things in heaven and earth than are dreamed of, in any philosophy.” (J.B.S. Haldane, Possible Worlds 1927.) “There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, Then are dreamt of in your philosphy.” (Shakespeare, Hamlet.) Perhaps, Plato best captured the idea of this week’s proverb in his Republic.

Behold! human beings living in an underground den .., they see only their own shadows, or the shadows of one another, which the fire throws on the opposite wall of the cave.

Plato’s concept of the the ideal, or idea, or form was at the heart of his ethics and metaphysics. Greeks like Plato wrote about the Celts. They even coined the term, “Keltoi.”

Some have argued that the Greeks adopted some Celtic philosophy. Celts conquered Thrace in 298 B.C. The English word philosophy comes from the Greek for lover of truth. The Modern Irish word for philosophy is feallsúnacht which comes from the Old Irish for sophistry, after one of the oldest schools of Greek philosophy. The western world owes its philosophy to the Greeks who go started by the Celts.